Homemadebklyn is reader-supported. When you buy via the links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission at no cost to you.

HVAC System Types: What Are They & How Do They Work?

Your HVAC system is without a doubt a very important part of your home. It keeps your home cool in the summer, and keeps you warm and toasty all winter long. Whether you get a new system, or utilize HVAC repair on your old one, climate control in your home is very important.

However, not all HVAC systems are created equally. There are many different types out there, and each have their own unique benefits and drawbacks, and work in different ways. This blog post is going to take a closer look at the different HVAC system types, as well as how they work.

Heating and Cooling Split System

This is the most common system in most homes, and it essentially splits your HVAC into two units, with one focusing on heating your home and the other cooling it. The heater is generally kept in the basement or a storage area, while the unit for air conditioning is kept outside. A thermostat and ductwork are used to control the temperature and ensure your home is right for you and your needs.

Hybrid Split System

A hybrid system is another popular choice, and it works similarly to the aforementioned heating and cooling split system. The major difference is that this system can use both gas and electricity to power it. It can switch from one to the other whenever it needs to, and this generally makes this a more efficient option, which can lower your energy costs.

Duct-Free Mini Split System

Duct-Free Mini Split System

A popular option for homes or apartments with no ductwork, or those who want an incredibly simple installation process, the duct-free mini split system is quickly becoming a favorite. They are quite efficient, and work very well for small areas. When it comes to how ductless air conditioners work, it is quite simple. The indoor units pull warm (or cold) air out to the outdoor unit, and then the opposite is returned to keep the home comfortable. For example, in the summer, hot air will be pulled out of the room, and then cold air will be returned.

Geothermal System

Another type of HVAC system type that is expected to grow more and more popular in the coming years are geothermal systems. These are beloved by those trying to reduce their carbon footprint, as they do not use fossil fuels, and are very eco-friendly. The way that these systems work is by exchanging heating and cooling through the process of exchanging heat with the ground. In the summer, the system transfers heat into the ground, with the opposite being true in the summer. It does this with long pipes that are laid underground.

In conclusion, we hope this article has been able to help you learn a little more about the various HVAC system types and how they work. Each system has their own pros and cons, so be sure to look in-depth at each of them before deciding what is right for your home.